Acne Conglobata - Types, Causes, Treatment and Risk Factors

What is Acne Conglobata?

Acne Conglobata is a severe, scarring and chronic type of acne which is composed of suppuration, cysts, sinuses, blackheads and scarring. It causes to embarrassment and stress and it is mostly occur to the male then woman at the age of 18 and 30. It is usually occurs on chest, thigh, shoulder, upper arm and face. Inflammatory nodules may grow with receding and discharge pus.

What are the Types of acne?

There are four types of acne

  1. Acne Conglobata
  2. Acne Fulminans
  3. Gram negative folliculitis
  4. Nodulocystic acne

Causes of Acne Conglobata

  • Primary cause of Acne Conglobata is not found yet.
  • Reactivity to Propionibacterium can change which is cause to Acne Conglobata.
  • Androgens and anabolic steroids also cause to this disease.
  • It may also occur after testosterone therapy stopped.
  • Thyroid medications and dioxins may trigger this disease.

Treatment of Acne Conglobata

  • Isotretinoin is used for treatment which should be used early to prevent scarring.
  • Antibiotics are commonly use to treat the Acne Conglobata because it reduces the bacteria and for anty-inflammatory action.
  • Oral steroids is also useful for this disease.
  • For woman hormonal therapy is the best way to treat.
  • Physical therapy is also being use to treat Acne Conglobata.
  • Cryotherapy is also valuable for this disease.
  • Some time surgical excision of interconnecting large nodules is beneficials.

Risk factor of Acne Conglobata

  • Dioxins or ingestion of halogens may trigger Acne Conglobata.
  • Androgen-producing tumours and anabolic steroids may induce severe Acne Conglobata.
  • It may also occur after testosterone therapy has been stopped.