Acne Vulgaris - Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Home Remedies



What is Acne Vulgaris?

Acne Vulgaris is common acne which is an inflammatory disease characterized by papules, nodules, and cysts and painful lesions on the surface of the skin and below.It is mostly occur to the teen agers and adults. It is caused by clogging of tiny hair follicles on the face and body. Acne is not caused by dirt but it occurs because of extra oil production, bacteria and inflammation. It appears on the part like face, upper part of chest and the back.

Sex:

  • Acne Vulgaris is mostly seen in male in adolescence.
  • It is normal in woman in adulthood.

What are the causes of Acne Vulgaris?

  • Seldom identifiable is an external cause of acne vulgaries.
  • Some medicine like steroids, lithium, estrogen, and phenytoin may increase acne vulgaris.
  • Antiepileptics, and iodides may cause this disease.
  • Some genetic factors
  • may also influence acne vulgaris.
  • Some cosmetic agents and hair pomades may also help this disease to increase.
  • Propionebacterium acnes always cause to pimples.
  • It occurs when pores become clogged.
  • Pores becomes blocked because of dirt bacteria and debris.
  • Deep inflammation in the skin can make pimples enlarge to form firm, painful cysts.
  • Estrogen, and phenytoin are also cause to this disease.

Acne Vulgaris Picture

Symptoms of Acne Vulgaris

  • The earlier symptom of acne vulgaries is small, tender, red spots which later turn in to pimples.
  • Blackheads and white heads occurs on the skin.
  • Scarring of the skin is a symptom of Acne Vulgaris.
  • Occurrence of Pustules and Cysts.
  • Inflammation on the skin.
  • Crusting of skin eruptions.

Treatment of Acne Vulgaris

  • Acne is treated with medicine which can either by applying on the skin or taking by mouth.
  • Systemic antibiotics are main in the treatment of acne vulgaris.
  • Tetracycline group are commonly advisable for acne vulgaris.
  • Hormonal therapies are used for the treatment of Acne Vulgaris.
  • Antibiotics like sulfamethoxazole, and azithromycin are really helpful in the treatment.
  • Topical retinoids and topical benzoyl both are used to reduce bacterial resistance to systematic agent.
  • Isotretinoin is highly effective in severe cases.
  • Coadministration with steroids is useful to prevent the initial worsening.
  • pregnancy must be avoided and pregnancy and laboratory examination should be repeated monthly during the treatment.
  • Abrasion (dermabrasion) or laser treatment can be helpful to remove scars.

Home remedies for Acne Vulgaris

  • Always keep your face clean from dirt.
  • Hair should also keep clean and make hair style which should not touch the skin
  • Do not squeeze the pimples , this will make them worse and scarring.
  • Should avoid exposing the skin too much to the cold, heat or sunlight. Taking more sunlight may cause to skin cancer.
  • lots of water should be drink.
  • consult to the beautician about skin care.
  • exercise should be done regularly.
  • Greasy or oily creams and foundations should avoid, it may block the pores and turn to the pimples.

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