Alopecia Mucinosa - Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Home Remedies

What is Alopecia Mucinosa?

Alopecia Mucinosa is a condition caused due to mucin deposition in hair follicles and sebaceous glands, which undergo epithelial reticular degeneration resulting into follicular papules or plaques associated with hair loss. It usually affects the scalp, face, and neck. Alopecia mucinosa was first reported by Dr. Hermann Pinkus in 1957. It is more frequent in males than in females.

Alopecia mucinosa is also known as follicular mucinosis.

There are basically three types of alopecia mucinosa; a primary and acute disorder of young persons, a primary and chronic disorder of older persons, and a secondary disorder associated with benign or malignant disease.

Causes of Alopecia Mucinosa

  • Follicular damage leading to hair loss
  • Circulating immune complexes
  • Cell-mediated immunity

Symptoms of Alopecia Mucinosa

  • Hair loss
  • Reddened plaques or patches on the scalp, face, and neck

Alopecia Mucinosa Treatment

  • Topical, intralesional and systemic corticosteroids
  • Oral antibiotics such as minocycline
  • Topical and systemic psoralen plus ultraviolet A light (PUVA) therapy
  • Topical nitrogen mustard, and radiation therapy
  • Medications such as dapsone, indomethacin, and interferons
  • UVA1 phototherapy