Atopic Dermatitis - Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Home Remedies

What is Atopic Dermatitis?

Atopic Dermatitis is a chronic disease and it is an irritation or tenderness of the skin caused by the contact to an allergen or an irritant and it is characterized by itching, scaling, thickening of the skin. It is mostly occurs on face, elbows, knees, and arms.

Causes of Atopic Dermatitis

Exact cause is unknown but following are some causes because of which it can occur-

  • Excessive bathing, swimming, hand washing, and lip licking can make dry the skin which may cause to atopic dermatitis.
  • Espouser of solvents, detergents, deodorants, cosmetics, and soaps may lead this disease.
  • Smoking cigarettes may also trigger the inflammation of the disease.
  • Avoidance of clothing which are traps heat otherwise it will cause sweating.
  • Allergen and irritant may cause this disease.

Symptoms of Atopic Dermatitis

  • Symptoms may be different from one individual to another individual.
  • Skin become itchy and it is very important symptoms of atopic dermatitis.
  • Blister with crusting
  • Rashes on the face and also on the other part like elbow and knee may occur in this disease.
  • Inflammation and tenderness around the blisters.
  • Skin becomes dry, and leathery in the inner elbow and in the back of the knee and it can spread to the hands, neck, feet and eyelids also.
  • Bleeding from the ears.

Treatment of Atopic Derma

  • Patient must take bath at least once or twice a day with mild soap.
  • After taking bath he or she must be dry immediately and should use some cream to lubricate the skin.
  • Over lotions should be used on skin the for the elder and for the children's skin petroleum jelly must be used.
  • Antihistamines are prescribed by the doctor to control the pruritus.
  • Systemic steroids is useful for the severe cases.
  • Topical calcineurin inhibitors is used to treat the patient older than two years.
  • Oral immunosuppressive agents are used to treat severe atopic derma in acute setting.
  • Some drugs such as Triamcinolone, Hydrocortisone, Pimecrolimus, Tacrolimus and Hydroxyzine hydrochloride are suggested as essential for this disease.

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