Cellulitis Infective- Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Home Remedies

What is Cellulitis Infective?

Cellulitis Infective is spreading infection of the skin caused by streptococcal, staphylococcal, or other bacteria. It can arise anywhere in the body but mostly seen on the legs. It start with tenderness, swelling on the skin but after some time patient may increase to the fever with chills and sweat.

Causes of Cellulitis Infective

  • Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus are the most common cause of Cellulitis Infective.
  • Sometime gram-negative organisms, anaerobes, or fungi are common cause to the children, people with diabetes.
  • Cellultis in children is the result of blood-bourne spread of group B Streptococcus.
  • Haemophilus influenzae is a normal cause.
  • It may increase to the frequently to the person, infected by HIV.
  • Cellulitis may cause because of Pasturella multocida bacteria at the time of dog or cat bite or scratch.
  • It my occur because of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae bacteria when an injury is occurred by the saltwater fish or shellfish.
  • Working with pigs and poultry may also cause to cellulitis.

Symptoms of Cellulitis Infective

  • Redness, painful and swelling is the common symptoms on the skin.
  • Severe tenderness and skin becomes hot to touch.
  • Red lines occur on the skin.
  • Bulging eye and swollen eyelids.
  • Redness of eye.
  • Extreme pain
  • Patient may experience chills,fever and headaches.
  • Vomiting and general discomfort.
  • Fatigue.

Treatment of Cellulitis Infective

  • Antibiotic is the best way to treat the infection of this disease.
  • Some antibiotics such as penicillins, erythromycin, cephalexin, cloxacillin are useful for mild to moderate cellulitis.
  • Some medicine such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen are suggested to reduce the pain.
  • Aspirin is suggested for the fever.
  • Elevation of the infected area, rest, and application of warm comes under normal treatment.
  • Patient with normal cellulitis do not require hospitalization but severe cellulitis require hospitalization.
  • Deep infection require surgical treatment and long term treatment with antibiotics.
  • Cellulitis which is caused by sinus infection may need to drain sinuses.
  • Some drugs such as Dicloxacillin, Cephalexin, Cefuroxime, Clindamycin and Nafcillin are suggested as effective for this disease.

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